Production methodFarmed Recirculating aquaculture system(RAS)
Source of fry
Mainly relies on anchovy from over-exploited stock. The traceability of wild anchovy is low
The waste discharge is low under the recirculating aquaculture system (RAS), and will not cause habitat alterations. The escape risk of this production is low, but the escape impact of the turbot, which is an invasive species, is moderate.
There is a lack of comprehensive environmental impact assessment. China is focused on land and water use, habitat protection and chemical use. The overall management is partly effective.