Second Choice
Scientific name
Sepia pharaonis
Production method
Pots (traps)
IUCN status
Data deficient
Stock status

Cuttlefish is fast-growing and has a short lifespan, which make it inherently resilient to fishing mortality. On the other hand, they only reproduce once in their lifetime and will gather in big groups during mating season, making the species moderately vulnerable to fishing pressure. The stock status is unknown, but cuttlefish resources within the area are estimated to be fully exploited. 

Ecological effects

This fishing gear is not likely to cause significant damage to endangered, threatened, protected (ETP) species. Due to the high selectivity of the trap fishery, bycatch occurs only marginally.  Almost every catch is landed because of the increasing demand for low-value (trash) fish, therefore the discard in this fishery is low. Artisanal fisheries are considered to have no influence on ecosystem and have no or minimal impact on the benthic habitat.  


A general fisheries management framework in place, but the geographic dimension of the assessment is too large and includes too many countries, which precludes assessment. Even if management details were accessible, it would still be impossible to lump together the fisheries management frameworks corresponding to each country. Specific management measures for this species are not available.