There are hundreds of stocks of chum salmon throughout the state of Alaska and their population trends are diverse. About two-thirds of the sub-regions harvest fall below the respective recent 10-year harvest average. Stocks appear to be healthy and there is no indication of overfishing.
Pelagic gill netting does not have any interaction with endangered, threatened, protected (ETP) species. The discard rate is moderate but has a low survival rate. The bycatch rate of the fishery is low. Chum salmon is a keystone species in Alaska, meaning that the species holds together the entire ecosystem.
This fishery is managed under the Alaska Board of Fisheries (BOF), the Alaska Department of Fish and Game (ADF&G) and the North Pacific Fishery Management Council. Management measures include protection of ETP species, stock and harvest monitoring, combating illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishery, restriction of the number of fishing vessels. Management is considered largely effective.